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20 Jun 2018

Python Overview | Applications | Tools

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What is Python?

Python is a programming language which is:

python2

It doesn’t need to be compiled before execution unlike other interpreted languages like PHP and JavaScript. Python today stands amongst the top 5 in-demand and fastest growing programming languages. Many top IT companies are in the hunt for good python developers.

History in Brief:

  • Invented in the Netherlands by Guido Van Rossum
  • Python was coined and conceived in the late 1980s
  • Implementation was started in December 1989
  • Named after Monty Python
  • Guido Van Rossum(the founder) was a fan of Monty Python’s ‘Flying Circus’ – a famous TV show in the Netherlands then.  

 Why learn Python?

  • Python has a simple syntax; it has abundant libraries and built-in-modules when compared to many other high-level languages like C, C++, Java etc.
  • Portable – Python is a cross-platform language i.e. the code written in one operating system, say windows, will work well with other operating systems like Mac OS or Linux.
  • It is Easy to use
  • Python does a different kind of tasks on varied platforms.
  • Python has an extensive collection of third-party resources which increases its capabilities.
  • It is Easy to learn
  • Many of the programs written in python require comparatively less number of lines of code to perform the same task compared to other languages like C
  • Less programming errors and less development time.

 Major Releases:

  • Created – Dec 1989
  • Python 0.9.0 – Feb 1991
  • Python 1.0 – Jan 1994
  • Python 2.0 – Oct 2000
  • Python 3.0 – Dec 2008
  • Python 3.6 – Dec 2016

Need for Python – in founder words:

python1

 

Applications:

Python has an unimaginable range of applications. Here I am listing out few among them.

  • Web and Internet Development
  • Scientific and numeric computing
  • Education
  • Desktop GUIs
  • Software & Game Development, Robot and many more
  • Network programming
  • Business applications

And almost everything that an object-oriented programming language can do.

python overview

Tools:

Web Frameworks

  • Django
  • Flask
  • Pylons
  • TurboGears
  • Zope
  • Grok

IDEs

  • Emacs
  • Vim
  • Komodo
  • PyCharm
  • Eclipse (PyDev)

Who is using Python?

Google, PBS, NASA, Library of Congress, the ONION, Intel, Cisco, HP, Qualcomm, IBM etc.

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