What is Python?
Python is a programming language which is:
History in Brief:
- Invented in the Netherlands by Guido Van Rossum
- Python was coined and conceived in the late 1980s
- Implementation was started in December 1989
- Named after Monty Python
- Guido Van Rossum(the founder) was a fan of Monty Python’s ‘Flying Circus’ – a famous TV show in the Netherlands then.
Why learn Python?
- Python has a simple syntax; it has abundant libraries and built-in-modules when compared to many other high-level languages like C, C++, Java, etc.
- Portable – Python is a cross-platform language i.e. the code written in one operating system, say windows, will work well with other operating systems like Mac OS or Linux.
- It is easy to use
- Python does a different kind of tasks on varied platforms.
- Python has an extensive collection of third-party resources which increases its capabilities.
- It is easy to learn
- Many of the programs written in python require comparatively less number of lines of code to perform the same task compared to other languages like C
- Less programming errors and less development time.
- Created – Dec 1989
- Python 0.9.0 – Feb 1991
- Python 1.0 – Jan 1994
- Python 2.0 – Oct 2000
- Python 3.0 – Dec 2008
- Python 3.6 – Dec 2016
Need for Python – in founder words:
Python has an unimaginable range of applications. Here I am listing out few among them.
- Web and Internet Development
- Scientific and numeric computing
- Desktop GUIs
- Software & Game Development, Robot and many more
- Network programming
- Business applications
And almost everything that an object-oriented programming language can do.
- Eclipse (PyDev)
Who is using Python?
Google, PBS, NASA, Library of Congress, the ONION, Intel, Cisco, HP, Qualcomm, IBM, etc.