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How Object Oriented Languages Differ From Procedural Languages

Last updated on Tue 17 Mar 2020

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Programming languages are the means to make an idea into an application. Many programming languages are introduced that are enhanced form of another or some created with the unique features to meet the specific needs of the application for an organization. The programming paradigm is different for different language. Based on the requirement of the application different languages have come into practice. Generally procedural and object oriented programming languages are mostly used for creating an application by keeping in mind their unique and effective features.

In order to perform any task using a system, need to provide the system with the procedure or rules to execute it. In procedural programming language, need to write the step by step procedures for executing a particular task. Procedural languages generally make use of instruction which perform the specific task which are synchronized with the next instruction same procedure is followed in the whole program to complete the task successfully. Procedural language follows the step by step and top-down approach. In procedural language they will design a code based on the functions and complete the task and each predefined function can call within a program anytime. In procedural languages c is the most widely used languages, other languages includes Pascal, BASIC and Fortran.

Object oriented languages are based on the object and classes, instead of following the procedures to execute the task, it’s like a procedure in procedural languages. Each object is programmed to perform a particular action and all objects are related in programming code to complete the task. It reduces the code density and the complication created due to lengthy code. An object created can be reuse any time within a program, object acts as one part of the program. Before coding a program in an object oriented language, it will first design the diagrams where each object is assigned to the particular task, then all objects are connected to complete a task. Examples of object oriented programming languages are C++, Java, VB.NET and C#.

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